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對準港共政權,美國新法案十月一日起制裁侵犯人權的香港及中國官員

2019年7月,美國參眾兩院審議修訂一些2020年國防授權法修訂案。通過及實行這些修訂,將會擴大針對中國在內多個國家的個人制裁。修訂案包括針對鎮壓香港示威的香港官員。

「美國將根據美國及國際法,對所有侵犯香港人的基本人權和自由的個人或者法人實施經濟制裁、拒發簽證及其他懲罰性經濟措施。」

參議院法案Senate Bill, Sec. 6209(b)(3).
原文:The United States should impose financial sanctions, visa bans, and other punitive economic measures against all individuals or entities violating the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the people of Hong Kong, consistent with United States and international law.

這一修訂案已經得到跨黨派支持,國會正在處理兩院修訂案的分歧部份。修訂案應該在今年秋季表決及通過。修訂案通過之後,所有港共官員和中聯辦,港澳辦官員將會受到制裁。

制裁港共修訂案會在2020財政年度實施。2020財政年度是2019年10月1日開始。那就是說,十一國慶之日,就是港共官員的家人被驅逐回到香港的大日子。遭到制裁的港共官員名單有二十多人,包括他們的家人在內,將有百多人遭到全球西方國家制裁。

香港網友表示,『如果係事實, 將會係我第一次喺10月1號慶祝。』

國防授權法中,亦包括全球馬格尼茨基人權問責法的執行細節,將進一步打擊侵犯人權的香港及中國官員。

法案內容全文

https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/senate-bill/1790/text

SEC. 6209. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON POLICY TOWARD HONG KONG.

(a) Findings.—Congress makes the following findings:

(1) The United States policy toward Hong Kong is guided by the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102–383; 106 Stat. 1448) (referred to in this section as the “Act”), which reaffirms that “The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, beginning on July 1, 1997, will continue to enjoy a high degree of autonomy on all matters other than defense and foreign affairs.”.

(2) The Act furthermore states that “The human rights of the people of Hong Kong are of great importance to the United States and are directly relevant to United States interests in Hong Kong.”.

(3) Pursuant to section 301 of the Act (22 U.S.C. 5731), the annual report issued by the Department of State on developments in Hong Kong (referred to in this section as the “Report”), released on March 21, 2019, states that “Cooperation between the United States Government and the Hong Kong government remains broad and effective in many areas, providing significant benefits to the United States economy and homeland security.”.

(4) The Report states that “the Chinese mainland central government implemented or instigated a number of actions that appeared inconsistent with China’s commitments in the Basic Law, and in the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984, to allow Hong Kong to exercise a high degree of autonomy.”.

(5) The Report furthermore states that the “Hong Kong authorities took actions aligned with mainland priorities at the expense of human rights and fundamental freedoms. There were particular setbacks in democratic electoral processes, freedom of expression, and freedom of association.”.

(6) On June 10, 2019, the spokesporson for the Department of State issued a statement expressing “grave concern about the Hong Kong government’s proposed amendments to its Fugitive Offenders Ordinance, which, if passed, would permit Chinese authorities to request the extradition of individuals to mainland China.”.

(7) According to media reports, in June 2019, over 1,000,000 residents of Hong Kong have taken part in demonstrations against the proposed amendments to the Fugitive Offenders Ordinance.

(b) Sense Of Congress.—It is the sense of Congress that—

(1) the government of the People’s Republic of China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China authorities should immediately cease taking all actions that undermine Hong Kong’s autonomy and negatively impact the protections of fundamental human rights, freedoms, and democratic values of the people of Hong Kong, as enshrined in the Act, Hong Kong’s Basic Law of 1997, and the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984;

(2) the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China authorities should immediately withdraw from consideration the proposed amendments to its Fugitive Offenders Ordinance and refrain from any unwarranted use of force against the protestors that is inconsistent with internationally recognized law enforcement best practices; and

(3) the United States should impose financial sanctions, visa bans, and other punitive economic measures against all individuals or entities violating the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the people of Hong Kong, consistent with United States and international law.

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Berliner Bericht | 2020