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中英聯合聲明(中英文對照)

中華人民共和國政府和大不列顛及北愛爾蘭聯合王國政府關於香港問題的聯合聲明
Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong

中華人民共和國政府和大不列顛及北愛爾蘭聯合王國政府滿意地回顧了近年來兩國政府和兩國人民之間的友好關係,一致認為通過協商妥善地解決歷史上遺留下來的香港問題,有助於維持香港的繁榮與穩定,並有助於兩國關係在新的基礎上進一步鞏固和發展,為此,經過兩國政府代表團的會談,同意聲明如下:
The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People’s Republic of China have reviewed with satisfaction the friendly relations existing between the two Governments and peoples in recent years and agreed that a proper negotiated settlement of the question of Hong Kong, which is left over from the past, is conducive to the maintenance of the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and to the further strengthening and development of the relations between the two countries on a new basis. To this end, they have, after talks between the delegations of the two Governments, agreed to declare as follows:

一、中華人民共和國政府聲明:收回香港地區(包括香港島、九龍和“新界”,以下稱香港)是全中國人民的共同願望,中華人民共和國政府決定於一九九七年七月一日對香港恢復行使主權。
1. The Government of the People’s Republic of China declares that to recover the Hong Kong area (including Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories, hereinafter referred to as Hong Kong) is the common aspiration of the entire Chinese people, and that it has decided to resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect from 1 July 1997.

二、聯合王國政府聲明:聯合王國政府於一九九七年七月一日將香港交還給中華人民共和國。
2. The Government of the United Kingdom declares that it will restore Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China with effect from 1 July 1997.

三、中華人民共和國政府聲明,中華人民共和國對香港的基本方針政策如下:
3. The Government of the People’s Republic of China declares that the basic policies of the People’s Republic of China regarding Hong Kong are as follows:

(一)為了維護國家的統一和領土完整,並考慮到香港的歷史和現實情況,中華人民共和國決定在對香港恢復行使主權時,根據中華人民共和國憲法第三十一條的規定,設立香港特別行政區
(1) Upholding national unity and territorial integrity and taking account of the history of Hong Kong and its realities, the People’s Republic of China has decided to establish, in accordance with the provisions of Article 31 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong.

(二)香港特別行政區直轄於中華人民共和國中央人民政府。除外交和國防事務屬中央人民政府管理外,香港特別行政區享有高度的自治權
(2) The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will be directly under the authority of the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People’s Government.

(三)香港特別行政區享有行政管理權、立法權、獨立的司法權和終審權。現行的法律基本不變。
(3) The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will be vested with executive, legislative and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication. The laws currently in force in Hong Kong will remain basically unchanged.

(四)香港特別行政區政府由當地人組成。行政長官在當地通過選舉或協商產生,由中央人民政府任命。主要官員由香港特別行政區行政長官提名,報中央人民政府任命。原在香港各政府部門任職的中外籍公務、警務人員可以留用。香港特別行政區各政府部門可以聘請英籍人士或其他外籍人士擔任顧問或某些公職。
(4) The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will be composed of local inhabitants. The chief executive will be appointed by the Central People’s Government on the basis of the results of elections or consultations to be held locally. Principal officials will be nominated by the chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for appointment by the Central People’s Government. Chinese and foreign nationals previously working in the public and police services in the government departments of Hong Kong may remain in employment. British and other foreign nationals may also be employed to serve as advisers or hold certain public posts in government departments of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

(五)香港的現行社會、經濟制度不變;生活方式不變。香港特別行政區依法保障人身、言論、出版、集會、結社、旅行、遷徙、通信、罷工、選擇職業和學術研究以及宗教信仰等各項權利和自由。私人財產、企業所有權、合法繼承權以及外來投資均受法律保護。
(5) The current social and economic systems in Hong Kong will remain unchanged, and so will the life-style. Rights and freedoms, including those of the person, of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of travel, of movement, of correspondence, of strike, of choice of occupation, of academic research and of religious belief will be ensured by law in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Private property, ownership of enterprises, legitimate right of inheritance and foreign investment will be protected by law.

(六)香港特別行政區將保持自由港和獨立關稅地區的地位。
(6) The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will retain the status of a free port and a separate customs territory.

(七)香港特別行政區將保持國際金融中心的地位,繼續開放外匯、黃金、證券、期貨等市場,資金進出自由。港幣繼續流通,自由兌換。
(7) The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will retain the status of an international financial centre, and its markets for foreign exchange, gold, securities and futures will continue. There will be free flow of capital. The Hong Kong dollar will continue to circulate and remain freely convertible.

(八)香港特別行政區將保持財政獨立。中央人民政府不向香港特別行政區徵稅。
(8) The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will have independent finances. The Central People’s Government will not levy taxes on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

(九)香港特別行政區可同聯合王國和其他國家建立互利的經濟關係。聯合王國和其他國家在香港的經濟利益將得到照顧。
(9) The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may establish mutually beneficial economic relations with the United Kingdom and other countries, whose economic interests in Hong Kong will be given due regard.

(十)香港特別行政區可以“中國香港”的名義單獨地同各國、各地區及有關國際組織保持和發展經濟、文化關係,並簽訂有關協定。
(10) Using the name of “Hong Kong, China”, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may on its own maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude relevant agreements with states, regions and relevant international organisations.

香港特別行政區政府可自行簽發出入香港的旅行證件。
The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region may on its own issue travel documents for entry into and exit from Hong Kong.

(十一)香港特別行政區的社會治安由香港特別行政區政府負責維持。
(11) The maintenance of public order in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will be the responsibility of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

(十二)關於中華人民共和國對香港的上述基本方針政策和本聯合聲明附件一對上述基本方針政策的具體說明,中華人民共和國全國人民代表大會將以中華人民共和國香港特別行政區基本法規定之,並在五十年內不變
(12) The above-stated basic policies of the People’s Republic of China regarding Hong Kong and the elaboration of them in Annex I to this Joint Declaration will be stipulated, in a Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, by the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China, and they will remain unchanged for 50 years.

四、中華人民共和國政府和聯合王國政府聲明:自本聯合聲明生效之日起至一九九七年六月三十日止的過渡時期內,聯合王國政府負責香港的行政管理,以維護和保持香港的經濟繁榮和社會穩定;對此,中華人民共和國政府將給予合作。
4. The Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People’s Republic of China declare that, during the transitional period between the date of the entry into force of this Joint Declaration and 30 June 1997, the Government of the United Kingdom will be responsible for the administration of Hong Kong with the object of maintaining and preserving its economic prosperity and social stability; and that the Government of the People’s Republic of China will give its cooperation in this connection.

五、中華人民共和國政府和聯合王國政府聲明:為求本聯合聲明得以有效執行,並保證一九九七年政權的順利交接,在本聯合聲明生效時成立中英聯合聯絡小組;聯合聯絡小組將根據本聯合聲明附件二的規定建立和履行職責。
5. The Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People’s Republic of China declare that, in order to ensure a smooth transfer of government in 1997, and with a view to the effective implementation of this Joint Declaration, a Sino-British Joint Liaison Group will be set up when this Joint Declaration enters into force; and that it will be established and will function in accordance with the provisions of Annex II to this Joint Declaration.

六、中華人民共和國政府和聯合王國政府聲明:關於香港土地契約和其他有關事項,將根據本聯合聲明附件三的規定處理。
6. The Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People’s Republic of China declare that land leases in Hong Kong and other related matters will be dealt with in accordance with the provisions of Annex III to this Joint Declaration.

七、中華人民共和國政府和聯合王國政府同意,上述各項聲明和本聯合聲明的附件均將付諸實施
7. The Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People’s Republic of China agree to implement the preceding declarations and the Annexes to this Joint Declaration.

八、本聯合聲明須經批准,並自互換批准書之日起生效。批准書應於一九八五年六月三十日前在北京互換。本聯合聲明及其附件具有同等約束力。
8. This Joint Declaration is subject to ratification and shall enter into force on the date of the exchange of instruments of ratification, which shall take place in Beijing before 30 June 1985. This Joint Declaration and its Annexes shall be equally binding.

一九八四年十二月十九日在北京簽訂,共兩份,每份都用中文和英文寫成,兩種文本具有同等效力。
Done in duplicate at Beijing on 19 December 1984 in the English and Chinese languages, both texts being equally authentic.

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Berliner Bericht | 2019